16 Aug One Liners - Current Affairs - GovtJobsInfo.in

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Sunday, August 16, 2020

16 Aug One Liners - Current Affairs

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 The revival of the demand for two autonomous councils has made political parties and community-based groups call for bringing the entire Arunachal Pradesh under the ambit of the Sixth Schedule or Article 371 (A) of the Constitution.

 What is the Sixth Schedule? 

The Sixth Schedule consists of provisions for the administration of tribal areas in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram, according to Article 244 of the Indian Constitution.

Passed by the Constituent Assembly in 1949, it seeks to safeguard the rights of the tribal population through the formation of Autonomous District Councils (ADC).

ADCs are bodies representing a district to which the Constitution has given varying degrees of autonomy within the state legislature.

The governors of these states are empowered to reorganize boundaries of the tribal areas.

In simpler terms, she or he can choose to include or exclude any area, increase or decrease the boundaries and unite two or more autonomous districts into one.

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They can also alter or change the names of autonomous regions without separate legislation.

Autonomous districts and regional councils

The ADCs are empowered with civil and judicial powers can constitute village courts within their jurisdiction to hear the trial of cases involving the tribes.

Governors of states that fall under the Sixth Schedule specify the jurisdiction of high courts for each of these cases.

Along with ADCs, the Sixth Schedule also provides for separate Regional Councils for each area constituted as an autonomous region.

In all, there are 10 areas in the Northeast that are registered as autonomous districts – three in Assam, Meghalaya and Mizoram and one in Tripura.

These regions are named as district council of (name of district) and regional council of (name of region).

Each autonomous district and regional council consists of not more than 30 members, of which four are nominated by the governor and the rest via elections. All of them remain in power for a term of five years.

India announces $500 mn package for Maldives 

India announced a slew of new connectivity measures for the Maldives, including air, sea, intra-island and telecommunications in an effort to help the Indian Ocean Islands deal with the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Key highlights:

Measures are aimed to help Maldives deal with economic impact of COVID-19 pandemic. Five- pronged package includes:

$500 million to support Greater Male Connectivity Project that aims to connect Male to Villingili,Thilafushi and Gulhifahu islands.

A direct cargo ferry service to enhance sea connectivity and provide predictability in supplies for importers in Maldives and exporters in India.

Creation of an air travel bubble to facilitate movement of people for employment, tourism and medical emergencies.

Renewed quotas for supply of essential commodities that includes food items, river sand, stone aggregates etc.

Additional financial aid of $250 million.

Importance of Maldives for India: 

Strategic location: Its central location between the Strait of Malacca and Gulf of Aden is crucial for India to keep watch over the sea lanes of communication in the Indian Ocean Region.

Counter Chinese effect: Maldives has become a focal point in China’s Belt and Road Initiative aimed at building trade and transport links across the region.

Under its Neighbourhood First policy, India is committed to developing friendly and mutually beneficial relations with all its neighbours.

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